This response should be addressed to Sherri Boyd “Recidivism a tendency to relapse into a previous condition or mode of behavior; especially: relapse into criminal behavior (“Recidivism | Definition of Recidivism by Merriam-Webster,” n.d.). “Institutional programs designed to prepare offenders to reenter society can include education, mental health care, substance abuse treatment, job training, counseling, and mentoring. These programs are more effective when they are centered on a full diagnostic and assessment of offenders” (Travis, 2000). Some of these programs are offered prior to the release by community-based agencies which are equipped to provide after-care and follow-up with the offenders following their release from confinement”.
Some of these programs are designed to assist offenders in preparing for their release from confinement by helping them get more familiar with the outside world. Do you think more focus should be placed on rehabilitative programs? Yes, in my opinion I feel more focus should be on these types of programs. The reason is to resolve psychological problems such as substance abuse or aggression that might interfere with their reintegration into society. Many inmates received court sentences that mandated treatment for such problems. “Ex-prisoners who are able to secure a legitimate job, particularly higher quality positions with higher wages are less likely to commit another crime and return back to jail”. Employment is often seen as a cornerstone of successful reintegration into the community after incarceration (Petersilia, 2009).
“Three strikes and you’re out” law is the most notorious example of the wave of mandatory sentencing policies that many states enacted beginning in the late 1970s” (Sutton, 2013). Pros of the Tree Strike law is that crime rates has dropped. It includes harsher punishments for career criminals and better piece of mind for citizens. Cons, the cost to the courts and the prison system increases by up to 50 percent. The prisons become overcrowded which could lead to the release of other criminals not on the three strike rule.