On December 7, 1941, Japan attacked U.S. military bases in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. More than 3,500 servicemen were killed or wounded. The next day, the United States declared war on Japan and entered World War II. The attack on Pearl Harbor shocked and angered many Americans. It also caused widespread fear that the West Coast of the United States was vulnerable to further attack.
Some of this fear and anger was targeted towards the 120,000 Japanese Americans on the West Coast and the 160,000 Japanese Americans in Hawaii. Newspapers published false stories about spying and sabotage by Japanese Americans, promoting an atmosphere of hatred and paranoia. Yet, no person of Japanese ancestry in the United States, Hawaii, or Alaska was ever charged or convicted of espionage or sabotage. Unfortunately, federal officials who knew the facts did nothing to counteract the growing negative public opinion against people of Japanese ancestry.
Please address the following discussion questions in your post:
1)What is Executive Order 9066 that FDR issued? What dangers were government officials worried about when they implemented Executive Order 9066?
2) What constitutional rights were suspended for Japanese Americans under the government’s claim of military necessity?
3). Was the action of mass removal and incarceration appropriate to the danger?
4). Should the government be able to place limits on individual liberties in times of crisis? Why or why not?