Research Design Presentation and Rationale

Apply the scientific method to the research problem(s) presented and comment on the appropriateness of the research question devised. If the question devised does not seem appropriate and researchable, suggest another research question that would apply to this topic. Compare the characteristics of various appropriate research paradigms related to your colleague’s chosen topic and suggest another research method that could be applied to this research question. Provide a rationale that explains how this method may be equally or more appropriate for the research question. Evaluate the ethical implications of the proposed research and suggest other issues your colleague has not mentioned. Provide any other comments to your colleague that may assist him or her in creating a more effective research proposal. ****SEE COLLEAGUE’S TRACY DAVIS POST BELOW***

Tracy Davis PSY 635 Week 6 Interactive Assignment

Slide 1: Cover Slide

Slide 2: Introduction

Test anxiety is considered a normal feeling among learners. However, researchers argue that extreme feelings and nervousness before and during an exam might hurt learners’ performances. More precisely, anxiety becomes problematic when it prevents one from doing the best in an exam because one is unsettled and uncomfortable.

Slide 3: Research Question and Importance

The primary question of the research is inclined to evaluate whether test anxiety has negative impacts on learners. Researching more on the topic will help one discover some of the causes, impacts, and treatment techniques that can be applied. For example, it is believed that teachers and parents are also among the primary causes of test anxiety. In this case, such factors should be considered when developing intervention strategies.

Slide 4: Literature Review- Sources of test anxiety: a qualitative approach

The article is relevant in the research because it answers the question of what causes test anxiety. The researchers argue that teachers, parents, and peers can also be a source of anxiety. The information obtained from the article can be used when designing intervention techniques directed towards solving the issue. Learners should be allowed to make mistakes before they perfect the application of their acquired skills and knowledge.

Slide 5: Literature Review- The effect of study preparation on test anxiety and performance: a quasi-experimental study.

From the research study, one can conclude that early preparation for tests can lower the level of test anxiety and also contribute to high performance. The learners in the experimental group recorded a lower mean of test anxiety as well as a higher mean in test performances. Offering refresher courses is one of the best methods to reduce test anxiety.

Slide 6: Potential Methods

Based on the research question, qualitative research can involve observing how students behave before and during an examination. It can also involve administering questionnaires to learners regarding how they feel during tests. When using quantitative methods, one can compare the mean of test scores between experimental and control groups. Lastly, mixed methods involve combining the two methods to help realize better results.

Slide 7: Appropriate research approach and design and Rationale

The quantitative research method is the most suitable technique because, for one to evaluate learners performances,’ there is a need to develop data for comparative analysis. The “mean” is simple to understand and easy to calculate. It also takes into account all the values in a given series hence increasing the level of accuracy.

Slide 8: Ethical Standards

The primary way to uphold the confidentiality standard is by ensuring that all students’ names and grades will be held confidential and only shared with relevant individuals. The informed consent policy is upheld by ensuring that all participants are informed on the potential benefits and challenges of the study. Lastly, it is essential to ensure that the examinations taken by students should meet their education system as well as syllabus requirements.

Slide 9: Conclusion

School performance is embraced as one of the indicators of quality in the education system. It is, therefore, important to identify factors that might hinder learners’ performance and intervention techniques. The proposed research will use a pretest-posttest control group design that will help the researchers obtain a measure of the outcome of interest before and after an intervention. This means any impact realized as a result of the intervention will be detected with ease.

Slide 10: References

American Psychological Association. (, 2017). Ethical principles of psychologists and code of conduct: Including 2010 and 2016 amendments (Links to an external site.). Retrieved from (Links to an external site.)

Erözkan, A., Doğan, U., & Adıgüzel, A. (2017). Sources of test anxiety: a qualitative approach. Journal of Education and Practice.

Turner, S. F., Cardinal, L. B., & Burton, R. M. (2017). Research design for mixed methods: A triangulation-based framework and roadmap. Organizational Research Methods, 20(2).

Yusefzadeh, H., Iranagh, J. A., & Nabilou, B. (2019). The effect of study preparation on test anxiety and performance: a quasi-experimental study. Advances in Medical Education and Practice, 10, 245.

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